How To Change Your Oil

Category: Auto
Tags: NAPA, oilchange, oilfilter, autoparts
Author: napa | Website: Need Answers? Chat with an Expert Now!

Required Items Quantity
Ratchet or Open End Wrench1
Oil Filter Wrench1
Oil Catch/Recycle Container1
Funnel1
NAPA Gold Oil Filter1
NAPA Premium Performance Oil5 Quart(s)
Clean Rag1
Oil Plug Gasket (paper or felt)1
Newspaper1

Steps Image Video Duration
1
Make sure your car is the right temperature. If you’ve been driving a while, let it cool for at least an hour. If you haven’t driven in a while, start it and let it run for 2 minutes to warm the oil so it will flow easier. Don't warm it too much - oil gets very hot in a running engine. Step Image 1:00:00
2
Get yourself some room under your vehicle. Either lift and brace your car, or park over a ditch or trench to give yourself some room to work. Make sure to set the parking brake, block the wheels, and that your vehicle is stable and on flat ground. Step Image 00:5:00
3
Remove the oil cap: The oil cap is located on the top of the engine. Open the hood to find yours. The oil cap is usually a screw-on cap and is not the same as the dip stick where you check the oil level. Make sure you have not confused the oil cap with the radiator cap, which is at the front of the engine compartment, and is where you put engine coolant. Place the oil cap in a safe and clean place where you will remember. Step Image 00:00:30
4
Find the oil pan: You will access the oil pan from under the car. It will be a flat metal pan under the engine and will have a plug or bolt at the bottom. Step Image 00:00:45
5
Place some newspaper and your catch pan underneath the bolt: This will help catch the oil when you pull the plug, hopefully avoiding any big mess where you parked. Tip - Set the pan in the direction the oil will flow because it will spurt out. Step Image 00:3:00
6
Remove the plug with your open-end wrench and let the oil drain: Be careful not to drop the plug in your catch pan, but if you do just leave it for now; the oil may be hot. The oil will begin to drain immediately. It will take a few minutes for the oil to drain completely, so be patient. If you dropped your plug into the oil, retrieve it after the draining process with a magnetic tool or long pair of pliers. Step Image 00:2:00
7
Remove the old oil filter: While your oil is finishing draining, locate your old oil filter above your oil pan and use the oil filter wrench to unscrew the filter from the engine. The oil filter wrench is designed to tighten as you turn, so make sure you slip it on in the right direction. Turn counter-clockwise to loosen and remove. Be careful not to tip the oil filter as it will be full of oil. It will drip as you remove it, so be prepared with newspaper and a cloth. Step Image 00:3:00
8
Unpackage the new NAPA Gold Oil Filter and prime the rubber gasket by dipping your finger in clean oil and rub it around the rubber gasket at the open end of the oil filter. This will help it seat better as you tighten it on the engine and helps create a better seal. Step Image 00:2:00
9
Install the new NAPA Gold Oil Filter: Use your hand to install the new oil filter by reaching it up and onto the post, and then screw it on clockwise. Get it to "hand tight" and then secure it tightly using the oil filter wrench. Make sure to slip the oil filter wrench on the new filter in the opposite direction as you did to remove the old one. Don't tighten too much; just a little past "hand tight" is good. Step Image 00:3:00
10
Replace the paper or felt drain plug gasket: The circular paper or felt drain plug gasket on the bolt you removed from the oil pan will need to be replaced. Remove the old one, and simply slide the new on over the threaded end of the bolt/plug. Step Image 00:1:00
11
Replug the oil pan: Confirm that all the oil has drained out by looking to see if it has stopped dripping. Screw the oil pan plug/bolt back on. Use your fingers to get it started, and be careful not to cross the threads. Don’t screw it on too tight. The general rule is one quarter turn after the gasket touches. It is very common to over-tighten this bolt, so be careful. Step Image 00:1:00
12
Add new oil: Check your owners manual to see how much oil you will need, but most cars use between 4 and 5 quarts. Use the funnel to keep things clean while you pour the new oil into the oil port at the top of the engine. Step Image 00:6:00
13
Replace the oil cap: Wipe any excess oil you may have spilled while filling with your cloth rag. Step Image 00:00:30
14
Double check: At this point, take a minute to double check that you have replaced and secured all the parts of the oil system: Oil pan plug, new oil filter, and engine oil cap. You should now be ready for a test... Step Image 00:2:00
15
Start the engine: Make sure everyone is clear of the vehicle before starting. Watch to see if the oil pressure light goes off on your dashboard panel - it may take a few seconds. Check underneath for any leaks or drips. Let the engine run for a few minutes to let the pressure build while checking for leaks. Step Image 00:2:00
16
Check oil level: Turn off the engine and let it settle for a minute. This is a good time to start the cleanup process while you let the oil settle. After a minute, check the oil level by removing the dip stick in the engine compartment, wipe the end with a clean cloth rag, and then replace it all the way. Make sure it actually "clicks" into place to make sure it is all the way in. Remove again and make sure that your oil level is in the acceptable range on the dip stick (usually indicated by hash marks at the end of the stick.) Step Image 00:3:00
17
Adjust oil level: Add a little oil if necessary to adjust the level. Note that it may take just a few seconds for the oil to make its way down to the pan to be measured, so pour a little in, wait a few seconds, and then check the dip stick. Repeat until you are satisfied that the correct level has been measured. Step Image 00:2:00
18
Clean up: Gather up all your tools and wipe up any spills or drips (as the engine warms, they will make their way to your driveway if you don't.) Remove the oil catch/recycle container from under your vehicle, and clean up the newspaper. Step Image 00:5:00
19
Unblock your tires and lower your vehicle. Be sure to look around for safety. Step Image 00:3:00
20
Recycle: You will want to plan a few minutes of time to take your old oil to your local recycling facility. Don't pour it down a drain or throw it in your trash - these can both cause problems for your home and your environment. Step Image 00:2:00
21
You may need to reset the oil change light: This will differ depending on the make and model of your vehicle. There should be steps in your owners manual to do this if you have a Change Oil light showing on your dashboard. 00:2:00
22
Check your oil level frequently to make sure you are running at optimal performance, and protecting your vehicle from damage. 00:2:00
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